Out of all the professions in this world, teaching is one profession that can change anybody’s life. You are a good dancer that’s because someone taught you and inspired you to be a dancer, same goes in the academic field. If you think you can work alone and achieve success in your life without needing help of anybody then you are wrong. When you are stuck in middle of something you look up to that one person who can guide your way.
Talking of teaching as profession, a teacher is a person with specialized skills and application of knowledge which helps an individual or a society to meet their needs. Teacher helps an individual to enhance his or her skills and helps the student to use these skills for the better use for oneself and as well as others.
Teaching includes attributes designed to provide unique service to meet the educational needs of society and as well as of an individual. There are different kind of ways if which something can be taught to someone. There is the traditional way which is practised in most of the places, performed once by the teacher so that other students can learn how it is done. Whether it is maths equation or any dance form or learning any sport. There is another way of doing it too, teacher just guides the students how something is be done and students have to figure it out all by themselves, well this is not a bad way either. Many teachers do not prefer spoon feeding.
Teaching is as critical, many might suggest even more so, as any profession including medical, law or accountancy to list a few. Dedication to purpose, knowledge expertise and advocacy are core strengths of those in the teaching profession. While, unfortunately, it is not perceived in this great country to be on an equal footing as those professions named above teachers are instrumental in preparing others for those professions.
If you are interested in this profession, you’ll have to pursue teaching courses, clear teacher’s eligibility/aptitude test to become a teacher. Some of the courses can be pursued right after 12th. Some other courses can be pursued after graduation.
“Teaching is a mother of all other professions”. Many people believe in this quote and somewhere down in the history it is proved to be true. This profession provides pillar to the society and without a teacher no one can reach to the heights. Even a person who wants to be a teacher requires a teacher. Let us see the academic path of becoming a teacher.
- Bachelor in Education (B.Ed)
If you wish to become a high school teacher, you’ll need to have a B.Ed degree. B.Ed is mostly now a two year course, (whereas it was previously a one year course) and it cannot be pursued along with the basic graduation program unless you go for an integrated B.Ed program. Once you get this degree, you become eligible to work as a secondary school teacher in any private or government schools. (The minimum eligibility for admission in a reputed B.Ed course is a graduation degree in Arts, Science or Commerce with at least 50% aggregate.)
- Junior Basic Training (JBT)
JBT course can be pursued by students who have passed 10+2 (any stream) from a recognized board. The course has been designed to improve the elementary level teacher workforce in India. JBT course caters to the needs of elementary level education segment. After completing 2 years long academic program, JBT professionals become eligible to work at elementary level schools, nurseries and similar educational institutes imparting elementary education. This teacher training course suits those who want to teach at lower (elementary) level schools.
- BA + B.ED. Integrated Course or B.SC. + B.ED. Integrated Course
Earlier, students had to go through B.Ed. program separately, after completing B.Sc. or BA course. It is a Degree that makes one eligible to take up teaching as a profession. The Government has decided to introduce integrated programs. This has been done due to the acute shortage of teachers that we have been facing for some time. The course is a combination of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Education Degrees (Dual Degree). The course duration is 4 years. 10+2 passed in any stream, with English subject. 50% minimum aggregate marks is also required (minimum marks required may vary from one institute to another). D.Ed. qualification holders may get admission directly in the second academic year of this program.
After completing the above mentioned program, one may go for further studies or appear for the CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test). Cracking the CTET will help one become a teacher in Schools under the Central Government (example- Kendriya Vidyalayas). One may even appear for State wise TET and work as a teacher in State Government run schools.
- Bachelor of Elementary Education (B.EL.ED.)
B.El.Ed.is an elementary teachers training program. This course has been designed to train students and make then capable to taking up the role of primary school teacher. This program is a combination of theory and practicum courses. Course duration is 4 years. Theory part consists of 3 years. 1 year is dedicated towards practicum course. 10+2 passed in any stream, with minimum 50% aggregate marks in specified subjects (subjects may vary from one institute to another). Minimum aggregate marks criteria may vary from one institute to another. After completing the above mentioned program, one may go for further studies or appear for the CTET.
- Diploma in Elementary Education (D.EL.ED.)
D.El.Ed. is an elementary teachers training Diploma certificate program. It is a good alternative to B.El.Ed. course. The course trains students and makes them capable of taking up the role of elementary school teacher.Course is 2 years long. 10+2 passed in any stream, with minimum 50% aggregate marks. Minimum marks criteria may vary from one institute to another. After completing the above mentioned program, one may go for further studies or appear for the CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test).
Some very similar Diploma certificate teacher’s training programs are-
- BTC (Basic Training Certificate)
- PTC (Primary Teachers Certificate)
- ETE (Elementary Teacher Education)
- NTT (Nursery Teacher Training)
- DED (Diploma in Education)
- TTC (Teachers Training Certificate)
All the above mentioned courses are either certificate or Diploma programs. Course duration is 2 years and eligibility criteria are same as that of D.El.Ed.
- Bachelor of Physical Education (B.P.ED. /BPE)
B.P.Ed. is an undergraduate Degree program that focuses on Physical Education. Course duration is 3 years. 10+2 passed in any stream, with minimum 50% aggregate marks. Minimum marks criteria may vary from one institute to another. After completing the course, one may start working as a Physical education teacher or instructor.
- Diploma in Physical Education (DPE)
DPE is an undergraduate Diploma certificate program that focuses on Physical Education. Course duration is 2 years. 10+2 passed in any stream, with minimum 50% aggregate marks. After completing the course, one may go for further studies or start working as a Physical education teacher or instructor.
- Advanced courses
After completing Master’s education, one may appear for tests like NET/SET/SLET and become Assistant Professor. Some advanced education courses you must be aware of are-
- M.Phil. in Education
- M.Sc. Education
- MA Education
- Special Education Courses
Special education program trains one to educate and guide students suffering from visual impairment, hearing impairment or mental retardation. The special education programs focuses on the above mentioned 3 impairments (a student may choose any one among the three). Some of the well-known programs are-
- B.Ed. Special education
- D.Ed. Special education
- BA B.Ed. Special education
- Diploma in early childhood special education
- M.Ed. Special education
Nurseries, Schools, Special Schools and Colleges are common places where one may find a job. One may also start own coaching center or work for one. Educational consultancies are also known to hire teachers. It involves intellectual set of mind that can help young minds to build confidence in them and help this society in better way.