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“We” before “I”

Leader and Boss by definition might sound same, but there is vast a difference between both. Leaders have the potential to motivate thousands of person and lead them to success. But, everyone who is leading individuals is not necessarily a leader, he might just be a boss. Confused?
Here is a very impressive article by Sarthak Dhamija.

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If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more, you my friend, are a leader. Mahatma Gandhi is the paragon of virtue whereas Adolph Hitler is considered to be the paragon of vice. The difference between the two is that the former lead whereas the latter had a more domineering nature.

There is a thin line between being a leader or a boss, however most people misunderstand the meaning of “Leader” with “Being Bossy”. The thin line which separates between a leader and a boss is the way you take charge.

Naturally, there are lots of qualities that makes someone a good leader and thousands of books have been written about this. So instead of rehashing what you’d read in any other book about management, let me give you a psychological perspective of who is a good leader.

When you make the choice to be a leader, there are some things you have to give up: Ego, for one. Doing it your way. Always knowing you’re right. Never having your world view challenged. In exchange, though, you’ll gain a few things: An atmosphere of collegiality and collaboration. A workplace that people will line up to work at. An authentic authority that comes from who you are, not what you say or do. The chance to change lives–including your own. You don’t have to look very hard to see that we already have plenty of bosses in the world.

A boss relies on the authority of the position to command obedience.  He or she is in charge and knows it.  Bosses typically think they are smarter, better, and more qualified than anyone else, simply because of their position as a manager or supervisor.  They mistakenly assume that they have all the answers and those who are subordinate to them know nothing.

What makes a Leader different from a Boss?

A boss drives his men, leader inspires them;

A boss demands respect, leader commands respect;

Leader can become a boss, but boss can’t become a Leader, because Leader leads the team and Boss rules the team. So, be a Leader not a Boss.

 

The Indian Army

Passionate about the Indian Army. Here is an amazing article by Aditi Sharma.

Indian armed forces are ranked among the top notch defense lines of the world. It is not just the number that counts; it is more about the willingness and valour to save one’s country. India has 2nd largest population in the world that accounts for 1.324 billion people and almost 65-70% of this population is youth and many youngsters enroll themselves in armed forces rather than following the mainstream courses.

It is the most adventurous career one could prefer. This career is more about passion and duty; it is not just about sitting behind the desk and scrambling your mind into the papers. It is about discipline, awareness, strength not just physical but emotional too. Armed forces make a person stronger, stronger enough to face any challenge that comes upon them. They don’t teach their personnel to run in the toughest time, they prepare them to form a barrier which would not let anyone hurt their country.

India is always known as the land of patriotism where thousands of people are willing to sacrifice their lives selflessly for saving their motherland. Terror in different region of world is increasing and with this the defense lines are also increasing their strength and skills. Indian armed forces are the military forces of the Republic of India under the commander of Chief President Ram Nath Kovind. It consists of three professional uniformed services: the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force. All these forces work in a collaborated manner with each other.

INDIAN ARMY

The Indian Army is the land-based branch and the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces. The Indian Army originated from the armies of the East India Company, which eventually became the British Indian Army, and the armies of the princely states, which finally became the national army after independence. Their several regiments that constitutes this branch of armed forces like rajput regiment, sikh regiment, dogra regiment, madras regiment, sikh light infantry and list goes on. Initially, the army’s main objective was to defend the nation’s frontiers. However, over the years, the army has also taken up the responsibility of providing internal security, especially against insurgencies in Kashmir and the Northeast.

INDIAN NAVY

The Indian Navy is the naval branch of the Indian Armed Forces.  The Chief of Naval Staff, a four-star Admiral, commands the navy. The Indian Navy traces its origins back to the East India Company’s Marine which was founded in 1612 to protect British merchant shipping in the region. When India became a republic in 1950, the Royal Indian Navy as it had been named since 1934 was renamed to Indian Navy. In the 21st century, the Indian Navy has played an important role in maintaining peace for India on the maritime front. It has been deployed for humanitarian relief in times of natural disasters and crises across the globe, as well as to keep India’s maritime trade routes free and open.

INDIAN AIR FORCE

The Indian Air Force is the air arm of the Indian armed forces. Its complement of personnel and aircraft assets ranks fourth amongst the air-forces of the world. Its primary mission is to secure Indian airspace and to conduct aerial warfare during armed conflict. It was officially established on 8 October 1932 as an auxiliary air force of the British Empire which honored India’s aviation service during World War II with the prefix Royal. And it was removed after 3 years of independence.

Government of India had established different academies and institutions related to these branches of Indian armed forces providing everything that is needed to build a strong foundation for their personnel. And there are different set of exams that are conducted by Government of India to select best of people for Indian military.

NDA

NDA (National Defense Academy) examination is conducted by UPSC twice a year. The examination is the first opportunity for every Armed Forces aspirant to join the forces. The candidate must be 12th pass or 12th appearing and must have his age in between the range of 16 ½ – 19 years.

CDS

CDS (Combined Defense Services) is also conducted by UPSC and is the opportunity served to the graduate students. The exam is to select candidates for IMA, OTA, AFA and INA. The exam is conducted twice a year and the minimum qualification for this exam is a graduate degree form recognized university.

AFCAT

AFCAT (Air Force Common Admission Test) is also conducted twice a year and there are two shifts of the exam on every exam date. The exam framed has optimum toughness level. The exam provides the opportunity to join Air Force through Technical, Flying, Administrative and other branches. The exam calls for graduate candidates with minimum of 60 % marks in graduation.

Territorial Army

This opportunity is for all the working aspirants. The exam is also conducted twice a year and all graduate aspirants having jobs can apply for it. The entry is known for the age range i.e. 18-42 years. Those who are already serving in Armed Forces are not eligible for it.

Indian armed forces is one of the best forces in the world that is because they believe in ‘service before self’  and solider is never off duty.

Distance Learning with IGNOU

Want to pursue higher education but due to xyz constraints cannot do so?
Here is the solution, an article on distance learning with IGNOU by Shreeya Agrawal

The range of distance learning programmes provided by so many institutions worldwide can be overwhelming, making the mission of distance learners quite difficult when it comes to choosing the right course. As distance learning is continuously gaining popularity, the number of online courses and distance learning degrees is increasing steadily. Distance learning is the preferred choice of individuals who are either working or cannot be physically present to attend classes. Education is offered here on virtual basis, where time and distance does not matter and the learner can access information at his/her own convenience. There are various modes which are covered under distance education such as evening classes provided by the universities or correspondence education where attending classes is not compulsory. Online classes via the Internet, educational DVDs and study material, including books and other reference material, also form a part of the educational content. This flexible system of education is considered to be less expensive, yet effective, and without any geographical constraints.

Most of you must have heard of IGNOU. But what is IGNOU all about. Come let’s figure it out with Drishtikon.

IGNOU stands for Indira Gandhi National Open University. IGNOU- Indra Gandhi National University is a distance learning national university, established by the Parliament of India, by passing Indira Gandhi National Open University Act, 1985 (IGNOU Act 1985). IGNOU is the one of the largest distance learning university in the world with about 4 million students studying in it. It is ranked among top 5 open universities in INDIA. And all its degrees are valid, and are accredited by UGC, AICTE etc.

It has branches all over the world. It meets the education demands of over 2.8 million students in India and 15 other countries through a network of 67 Regional Centres, around 2,981 learner support centres and 29 overseas centres and plans to expand its reach to six more nations in South Asia, the Middle East and Africa.

Some of its branches in INDIA are:

  • Andhra Pradesh
  • West Bengal
  • Delhi
  • Goa
  • Karnataka
  • Gujarat
  • Haryana
  • Jammu Kashmir
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Kerala
  • Orissa
  • Punjab
  • Rajasthan
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Uttaranchal
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Bihar
  • Arunachal Pradesh
  • Assam
  • Chhattisgarh
  • Tripura
  • Sikkim
  • Mizoram
  • Manipur
  • Jharkhand
  • Nagaland
  • Meghalaya
  • Himachal Pradesh
  • Maharashtra

What are the courses offered by IGNOU?

  • Doctoral Degree
  • Phill Programme
  • Master’s Degree
  • Bachelor’s Degree
  • Diploma
  • PG and advance diploma
  • Certificate
  • PG and advance certificate
  • Non-credit programmes
  • Online Programmes( Post Graduate Diploma in bioethics)

All the IGNOU degrees are well accredited and recognized (than any other distance university), so you should not have any problem in that area.

Criteria for admission

IGNOU offers course wise registration for MBA degree starting from its inception days. Admission to IGNOU course is based upon certain eligibility criteria mentioned below.

A graduate with at least 50% marks in general category or 45% in the reserved category OR a graduate with experience of at least 3 years OR a master’s degree OR Non graduates with at least 6 years of experience and 10+2.

Also, candidates need to clear the OPENMAT conducted by IGNOU for admission into its MBA program. Note that students who have given their CAT/ MAT or other state level exam may be exempted from giving OPENMAT exam. The cut off for these exams is determined by the university every year subject to a minimum of 40%. OPENMAT is held twice a year.

How to apply

For offline application you can even download the application forms from IGNOU’s official website or buy a Prospectus from Regional Centre in person for Rs.200/-.

There are also provisions for posting the downloaded/printed application form. You can just fill the requisite details and post the form on – IGNOU Student Registration Division, Maidan Garhi, and New Delhi 110068. Option of online registration is also available in its official site. IGNOU conducts its admission in two academic cycles’, first in January and second in July.

Advantages of being a IGNOU student

1.Accreditation & recognition-. IGNOU is also recognized as a Central University by UGC. The Association of Indian Universities (AIU) recognizes IGNOU conferred degrees as on par with the degrees conferred by its members. The All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) recognizes the MBA and MCA program of IGNOU

2.Quality study material – Yes, the quality of content of IGNOU’S study material is extremely good. If you visit sites for IAS preparation most of the sites prefer IGNOU study material.

3.Flexible Course Duration – IGNOU provides both minimum and maximum duration to complete a course. So, if you fail to complete it within the minimum prescribed duration, you have an option to continue it and complete it within the maximum duration provided.

4.Study Pattern – I have completed my BA in sociology major from IGNOU. But the subjects i studied was not only papers on sociology , there were compulsory paper on foundation course in humanities and social science, foundation course in science and technology , and one application oriented course chosen by me which was consumer studies. So, its broaden your knowledge.

5.Course Fee – If you compare the course fee, IGNOU charges very nominal and affordable course fee.

6.Decentralized Administration – IGNOU has its head office located at New Delhi. But it has regional centers in every states. You can visit these centers for admission and to get any other information.

And the best thing is you are transferable from one branch to another.

We have heard of some disadvantages as well like management flexibility, lengthy assignments, lack of faculty etc. But you cannot get everything on one plate. You need to adjust a bit if you want to earn something in your life. So go get your own life.

The three M’s after graduation

Confused about what you will do after graduation?
Don’t worry, everyone is. Here is an amazing article by Sarthak Dhamija highlighting some issues everyone faces after being a grad in Engineering.

 

Einstein said, “If your head tells you one thing and your heart tells you another, before you do anything, decide first whether you have a better head or a better heart”

Last week I had a long conversation with my dad regarding my future plans and what post graduate course I would like to pursue after I graduate. I feel most of the engineering students would relate with me and have often given a thought about “aage kya karna hai”!!

With dissertation deadlines looming, coffee becoming friend its dependence reaching critical levels, and the library fast becoming a second home, the undergraduate’s mind turns to even more terrifying issue: What am I going to do when it’s all over?

In the present world, engineering graduates are haunted by a question which is, ‘Whether or not to pursue further education after Engineering?’

And with the billion courses available at the post graduate level, confusion is only natural. A Masters in Business Administration (MBA), Masters of Science (MS) or Masters of Technology (M.Tech) are some of the most commonly chosen courses with benefits relevant to specific careers. So let’s roll up our sleeves and try to figure out the pros and cons of each option.

MBA

This is a popular option for many graduates who’ve already started disliking the engineering stream they chose (or were pushed by parents, academic grades and their past-life sins). M.Tech isn’t an option as it’ll just push them deeper into the hole they are trying to get out of. That’s when an MBA seems like a good way to erase the past follies and start off life afresh.

If you are among those who’ve got a clear picture in your mind about what you want from the management degree, then an MBA from India straight after engineering could be a good option specially if you can crack the MBA entrance exam (CAT) and get into the best MBA programs in India (like IIM A/B/C and several others).

MS

Masters (MS) degree is a great way to build up on the last 4 years you’ve invested in an engineering college. This is in contrast to management courses where you are trying to bid adieu to the technical roles in the hope of moving to the next level (i.e. management jobs). With an MS degree abroad, you are renewing your marital vows with the technical discipline that you got hitched to in your impressionable years. For that commitment, you could be compensated handsomely by recruiters in technology friendly economies such as the U.S. Techies with a Masters’ degree from the best universities get hired by the top recruiters. If you can identify, join and stay long enough with growing start-ups, you could make a fortune beyond your wildest dreams.

As always, the higher the rewards, the higher the risks as well. Starting with getting an admission offer from the right MS University, to arranging for funds, convincing a good company to give you a job after MS, and most importantly getting lucky with the H1B visa when you know Donald Trump is the president.

M.Tech

It is a road which is less traveled, even though M.Tech is the most probable option after B.Tech. Still, a larger percentage of engineering students choose MBA. The choice of MBA is generally seen as a herd mentality and many people believe it to be deviation from engineering path. When is M.Tech a better career choice? For an engineering student who excels in the subject and wants to gain more knowledge and understanding of it, this is the right path to follow.

A postgraduate course is not a ticket that will allow you to walk unannounced into any workplace and have people falling over themselves to give you the job of your dreams. Choosing the right course and working hard helps, but you could still end up with nothing more than your mother boasting about it to her neighbors.

So think before you make a decision!

Animation is a technique, not a genre

Interested in the technique of photographing successive drawings or positions of puppets or models to create an illusion of movement when the film is shown as a sequence. Here is an article about animation and it’s scope in India by Aditi.

Choosing a stream after 10th is a big deal in India. Nothing other than marks are considered the sole stream selection criteria, but at times people scoring the highest marks in streams like science and commerce are best in doing creative art work. It is a study of its own and many of these people choose to do something different rather than following the crowd, their art makes them different and they choose to be different.

Although, not having so much public appreciation as IIT’s and medical colleges. The course of fine arts has a fairly high scope in India and people are more likely to follow their instincts rather going with a flow and we know that only dead fishes go with a flow. And for people who realize their passion a little late in their life that what they actually want to do can apply for it as a part-time student but if you want to take it as a full time student then diplomas and degrees are provided on the basis of entrance exam

The course of fine arts provides variety of streams. And any university for the admission in this particular field demands skills.  A portfolio is a collection of your best work to showcase your current skills. You will need to submit a portfolio with your application to the school. For performing art majors, expect to have to audition for a spot in the program.

The primary degrees available under the fine arts umbrella are:

  • Painting
  • Sculpture
  • Animation
  • Photography
  • Printmaking
  • Dance
  • Film and television
  • Musical Theatre
  • Theatre

And different careers can be drawn out of these primary degrees available under fine arts such as:

  • Sculptor
  • Illustrator
  • Photographer
  • Artist in an ad agency
  • Actor
  • Animator
  • Museum curator

The bachelor in fine arts (BFA) is like having a B.Tech degree with the field of specialization. Likewise BFA provides a 4 year course with any of the above specialization

And if we talk about any one type of specialization, say animation. Work opportunities for quality animators and related professionals like graphic designer, multimedia developer and game developer, character designers, key frame animators, 3D modellers, layout artists etc exists in following sectors at large-

  • Advertising
  • Online and Print News Media
  • Film & Television
  • Cartoon production
  • Theatre
  • Video Gaming
  • E-learning

And there are many companies which recruit the students in masses and there are some companies those only look for the quality of cream in any university which is providing them candidates.

The best animation studios we know in the world are Pixar, Walt Disney, Framestore. These companies are known worldwide and make the best use of their employees’ creativeness. But this is surely a huge starting point for people.

And if we have to talk in small terms for people in India. There are many companies providing good opportunities. Many of these companies recruit trainees and give them resources to learn and grow such as

  1. Maya entrainment Ltd. located in Mumbai: Famous Projects:- Maya Entertainment has global clients like Google, BBC, Sony, Disney, Activision and have worked in movies like The Mummy, Stuart Little and many more
  2. Pentamedia Graphics Location: Chennai, production house – Singapore, Manila

Famous Project: Gulliver’s Travels, Tarzan and the Aliens, Sinbad: Beyond the Veil of               Mists, The Legend of Buddha and Alibaba, The Five Warriors”, “Pandavas”, offers Visual Effects, 2D and 3D animation, film making, and post production services.

  1. Crest Animation Studios Ltd Location: Mumbai Famous Projects: Jakers, Sylvester and the Magic Pebble, The Adventures of Piggley-Winks, Shrek, Pet Alien and the likes
  2. Toonz Animation India Location: Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala Famous Projects: Aladdin, Beauty and the Beast, Disney’s The Little Mermaid, The Return of Hanuman and The Adventures of Tenali Ranman
  3. UTV Toonz Location: Mumbai Famous Projects: The clientele of UTV Toonz is spread across North America, Europe and Asia. Some of its popular projects are with Walt Disney Television, Cinegroupe, UNICEF, Mike Young Productions, Porchlight Entertainment etc.

Famous Series: Snow Queen as well as Clootie & Dumpling.

And there are many more companies which give high opportunities and scope for the new budding minds. As seen above, the variety of projects these companies had done, this course is not at all under-rated and this is only about the animation stream of fine arts. There is variety of courses and the scope is high enough. These companies only require skills and work ethics in their employees and trainees and these are well learned in institutes and universities. Many universities provide fine arts course and best of them are:

  • MS University of Baroda – Fine Arts Faculty.
  • Banaras Hindu University – Faculty of Visual Arts.
  • College of Art – University of Delhi.
  • Sir J J Institute of Applied Art.
  • Faculty of Fine Arts – Jamia Millia Islamia.
  • Bharati Kala Mahavidyalaya.

Do what you love and love what you do. It is about everything you do in the world and fine arts are more than a policy. It is a passion, a passion to drive the world more crazy and colorful and artistic.

Most promising fields in future in the tech industry

Enthusiastic about a career in tech but afraid of sudden variations and layouts? Check this comprehensive compilation by Aditya Mohan to know what all domains in tech offer a promising career ahead.

Tech is the most sought after domain in India, owing to the fact that the modern convention of pursuing engineering is still being followed which itself is derived from the fact that most jobs are available post engineering. This, more or less, is true. A student who is well equipped with a proper specialised skill set and an engineering degree in hand has good chances of finding a job in any specific industry he wishes to go for. But there is one thing to all this – the tech industry is the most changing industry where skills come in demand like a wildfire and go into oblivion in a fraction of time – more precise versions of those skills come into demand with the up-gradation of that same technology.

Continue reading “Most promising fields in future in the tech industry”

Hospitality is love in action

Hospitality is the flesh and muscle on the bones of love. All the ones who wish to enter this domain of career must have a look at the article by Shreeya Agrawal.

Okay, let’s get straight to the point, first of all let’s see what’s does management mean?

Management consists of the interlocking functions of creating cooperate policy & organizing, planning, controlling & directly to organization’s resources in order to achieve the objectives of that policy.

This is just a theoretical definition which you will find on in various sites or might read in various books. The real question comes why management courses? How does it prove to be beneficial to one?

  • It improves your own communication skills.
  • It teaches you how to handle pressure.
  • Team work, it teaches you how to take whole team together with one decision without any conflicts.
  • The most important thing, it organizes you. You learn to manage time & work assignment and many more

In the end all these skills help you in each step of your life.

Now let’s talk about Hotel Management. Most of you are now aware about what management implies, coming to the term Hotel, a hotel itself includes multiple areas like cooking(food), housekeeping, beverages, laundry, porting department, accounts, sales & management, maintenance, security and many more. To get a professional degree in hotel management means getting trained for multiple tasks, and those tasks also are quite interesting. Later on you can specialize in your field of interest. There are many colleges which provide you with certificate, diploma or degree courses in hotel management.

Coming on to the next thought, why Hotel Management?

There are many benefits of choosing this course over others.

  1. There’s no need to get stuck

If in any case you get bored by just working one field in your life then this might be the best option for you. There is such enormous scope within the hospitality industry that there’s never any need for you to get stuck in one niche. You could very easily stay with the same employer and in the space of a few years, move between receptionist job to reservation manager and beyond. Where else could you get that sort of variety?

  1. It is creative

As well as being a people-oriented industry, hospitality is creative. You are creating a product — be that food, drink, or an experience — and there’s always scope to dream up new ways of making it more enjoyable for your customers.

  1. You can take on early responsibility

Just as there is the potential for rapid horizontal movement, you can also make your way up the ladder very quickly in hospitality. If you work hard, acquire your qualifications, get on with customers and colleagues, and show initiative, very soon, you’ll find yourself in a senior position managing people and projects.

  1. Not 9-5

If you’re the sort of person who likes getting up at the same time in the morning, having the same breakfast, putting on a suit and tie, and then catching the same train into the same office, day after day after day, then hospitality probably isn’t for you. It involves a great deal of variety, not only in terms of the hours you work, but also the work you do during those hours.

  1. You make people’s day

Whether you’re a concierge in a hotel, or a kitchen porter working behind the scenes, or even if you’re involved in the management of a hospitality business, every time you come into work you’re making someone’s day that little bit better. Your business is all about people. It’s not about widgets or spreadsheets; it’s about making people happy.

  1. It opens a door to the world

Every country in the world has a hospitality industry, and the skills you learn here are readily transferable, meaning that a career in hospitality can very easily be the key to discovering new countries, new culture and new people.

  1. Clear route in

There is a clear set of hospitality qualifications that are accepted across the industry and there are hundreds of places up and down the country where you can train to achieve those qualifications.

  1. It is a safe bet

People always need food, drink and somewhere to sleep, don’t they? So, even in shaky economic climates like the recent credit crunch, the hospitality industry is relatively secure. And the best thing about this business is there is no bargaining, the standard price which has been set, the customer has to ultimately pay for it.

All this sounds so interesting, doesn’t it?

All these perks now may have given rise to many questions in your head. How to get admission into the course? What is the eligibility criteria? Which colleges offer such courses?

Let’s discover these one by one.

Eligibility Criteria

  • Minimum qualification necessary for a hotel management course is 10+2.  Depending on the cost and duration of the course, one can opt for a certificate, diploma or degree course.
  • Certificate courses can be of six months to one year duration, a diploma of two years and a degree course of three year duration.
  • A group discussion and personal interview is conducted further to assess the personality and aptitude of the candidate before he is finally selected for the hotel management course. Private institutes too conduct tests along the same lines for selecting candidates.

What are the entrance exams for it?

  • AIHMCT WAT
  • AIMA UGAT
  • BIT Mersa Hotel Management Entrance Exam
  • BVT CET
  • JET Entrance Exam
  • NCHMCT JEE and many more private college exams

There are a number of colleges across the country that offer this course. One can look up the web, jot down the most suitable ones for themselves and pursue the course. Placement and job availability will never be an issue. Tourism and Hospitality is the fastest growing sector of the world. Plus industry would be needing 3.5 million skilled employees over the next 5 years.

“Hospitality is when someone feels at home at your presence.”

“Ye aaj kal ke bacche”

The greatest gifts you can give your children are the roots of responsibility and the wings of independence.

Independence Day has long been associated with the Tricolour, re-runs of Sunny Deol’s “Gadar” and our grandparents’ stories of the struggle for independence. Though enthralling, these stories usually ended with a single comment about how today’s young people takes their freedom for granted.

During the Independence movement, our freedom fighters have proved that our people are our nation’s main strength. Freedom fighters had no regard for their own lives, they believed fate of their nation was more important than theirs. The remarkable feat of Mangal Pandey during the Uprising of 1857 showed how fearless Pandey was, as he took it upon himself to start the rebellion when his regiment learnt that the British deliberately greased rifle cartridges with cow and pig fat to hurt the soldiers’ religious sentiments.

The martyrdom of Chandra Shekhar Azad on February 27, 1931, at Alfred Park (now Chandra Shekhar Azad Park) in Allahabad describes how determined revolutionary Azad was. On the fateful day in Alfred Park he and Sukhdev were surrounded by the British police. Azad drew his pistol with lightning reflex and killed three constables. He took a bullet on his thigh as he selflessly defended Sukhdev and finally rested against a tree. Even after Azad shot self, the police couldn’t believe he was dead. They fired a barrage of bullets and stabbed his lifeless body with bayonets to make sure he had no life left in him. Such was the fear, Azad instilled in the enemy.

On March 23, 1931, Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were hanged by the British Raj for their involvement in the killing of John Saunders, who they mistook for British police superintendent, James Scott. Scott was their target because they believed he was instrumental in the death of nationalist leader Lala Lajpat Rai. They escaped but Bhagat Singh and his associate Batukeshwar Dutt got themselves arrested after exploding bombs in the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi. While in prison, Bhagat Singh participated in hunger strikes, demanding better rights for Indians in prisoners. Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev laid their lives for this country so that we can live in a free country, so that the people of India can live a happy, prosperous and dignified life. But when we look at the India today we don’t seem to be valuing our freedom, we seem to have taken it for granted. May be because we did not have to fight for it, maybe because we got the freedom for free since we were born after 1947, but the freedom is not free.

It is true that for a generation which has only heard or read tales about the freedom struggle of 1947, Independence Day often passes as just another holiday. I myself am a part of the youth today, I do not wish to berate our generation, nor do I wish to pat on our backs for whatever activities the youth today are indulged in. There are a number of recent incidents that defines this generation. A generation that is rude, in the face and not so cool. In 2001-02, when Gujarat faced a massacre, it was the young and furious — but more frustrated due to their own problems — who participated in the unwanted and unfortunate riots. In Kashmir, it is the frustrated youth that has been played with, and is now pelting stones at the nation’s face.

It is this generation that swears to be honest, but gets engrossed in the rat race to reach the top, thus taking all possible unethical paths. This very generation that has become self-centered and selfish, so much so that we don’t even care if that half injured person on the road is dead or needs urgent help. The young generation today has become over ambitious, and as they say, an extra dose of anything is not beneficial to health. Probably you would not relate yourself to this type, but the fact is that a majority of our age group comprises of this type, who are devoid of the right kind of awareness and education.

When a young lady walks down a lone street — or even if the street is well populated — this is the generation that stares at her, looks at her, up and down, scans her completely — virtually raping her individuality — until the visual pleasure is received. And then, a few from among us take to even more heinous crimes, crossing all levels of decency. This generation has a majority that is ignorant, ready to chop off the person next to them to sound right, but, this is the very generation that can learn from the past, live the present, and change the future.

A generation that does not hesitate taking to alcohol for a more modern appeal. A generation that considers its culture as a berated piece of history that needs to be mugged up and forgotten after the exam. A generation that does not hesitate to insult an elder. A generation that does not hesitate to kill on religious lines. A generation where committing a suicide is considered easy rather than seeking help. This is the generation we belong to.

However, contrary to popular opinion, a majority of the youth of India do realize the importance of the sacrifices that our predecessors made for us to be able to walk into any public establishment without having to read something along the lines of, “Dogs and Indians are not allowed.” To understand the average young Indian it is important to realize that young people are not a monolithic group. We are as diverse as the nation’s population and a lot of times, the only thing that brings us together, other than our age, is the fact that we are Indian.

It would be unfair to start off with the “aaj kal ke bacche” diatribe every time the youth and their contribution to post-Independence Indian society are mentioned in the same breath. The fervent protests against the brutal gang rape of a student in Delhi on the 16th of December, 2012 and other such incidents, young Indians have been there on the front lines to fight for a better tomorrow. All you have to do is walk into a college or university nearest to your home and have a look at the young people enthusiastically engaged in the NSS and the NCC’s activities. There is a dream, a vision for India and there is a maddening hunger to see it come true.

It is true that young Indians today do not face an oppressive tyranny under the British but we are facing an oppressive tyranny under a native government. Privileges that once depended on the color of one’s skin now depend on the color of one’s cash. Atrocities against women and children are on the rise. Corruption is the new Simon and it just won’t go back. No, our war for independence is nowhere as bloodied or as glorious as that of our grandparents. Yet, it is an important war all the same; and a whole lot of us are fighting it with ink, microphones and social media.

I won’t say that our generation is the most sincere in its efforts because I do not have a standard to judge ourselves. Yes, we have our fair share of rotten apples. Yes, we don’t always make the most rational of decisions; and no, we are not perfect at all. But we, just like you or your parents before you, have our minds set on a truly free nation where not one person shall have to fear either their fellow citizen or their government; where freedom of speech will be as sacred as God, if not more. We accept that we cannot do this alone, we need our elders to guide us. So instead of judging us young people, we ask you to stand and fight with us.

Jai Hind!

If opportunity doesn’t knock build a door

Chase the vision, not the money. The money will end up following you.
An article on entrepreneurship by Sarthak Dhamija.

Running a business is difficult. Starting a business from scratch is even harder. The entrepreneurial journey is a rollercoaster, and in the beginning you’ll probably face more downs than ups.  The days of the “job work” mentality are thankfully waning, with more people looking to get satisfaction by making the world a better place, rather than just tolerating brain-numbing work to fund enjoyment elsewhere.

It was a second-wave dot-com boom that lasted five to six years, when money was so readily available that it felt like anybody could get in on the “become-an-entrepreneur” game. People believed that raising several millions of dollars for a business meant that they were a successful entrepreneur.

It all looks so easy, doesn’t it? Well, let me tell you, it can actually be really hard, stressful and exhausting. But, being an entrepreneur can also be incredibly liberating, exhilarating and unbelievably rewarding.

In the recent times people have started assuming that billion dollar start- ups are accidental and it is easy to think of success as more of a product of luck rather than hard work and tenaciousness. As it is rightly said “Rome wasn’t built in a day”, analogy to this is that it takes sheer patience, determination, and will to be an entrepreneur.

We often think entrepreneurs as larger than life-than-life characters. They take risks, they have their own rules, most important of all they innovate and experiment, summing up all they think out of the box. It seems as if entrepreneurs are a breed apart. But they are not. All of us are born with the ability to take risks and think creatively.

OK, so tell me how many of you have played Angry birds?? It is allegedly rumored that angry birds was an overnight success but actually it took 51 attempts before the developer, Rovio, could make it work. It is just a matter of having a good idea and more importantly believing in your passion to reach the pinnacle of achievement. And as hokey it sounds we all can do it.

So far, the article talked about the life of an entrepreneur and the challenges an entrepreneur faces, but now we talk about the institutions that provide entrepreneurial learning in India.

The startup ecosystem has long been criticized for lack of support. While aspirants continue to look for support, there are opportunities available, especially institutional supports, through educational institutions. Apart from the Entrepreneurship Cells present in colleges, there are several educational institutions in India that are offer various programs /courses to support entrepreneurial learning. 

  • Amity Business School (Noida) – M.B.A in Entrepreneurship
  • D Y Patil, Mumbai University (Mumbai) – M.B.A in Entrepreneurship Management
  • Delhi Business School (Delhi) – specialization in Entrepreneurship & Business
  • Deshpande Foundation (Hubli) – Master of Social Entrepreneurship
  • EMPI’s centre for Global Business Entrepreneurship & Research (Delhi) – specialization in Global Business & Entrepreneurship
  • Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India (Gandhinagar) – specialization in Business Entrepreneurship
  • Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India (Gandhinagar) – specialization in Development Sector and Social Entrepreneurship
  • Entrerprise Development Institute (Kolkata) – Diploma in Entrepreneurship
  • European Management Institute (Delhi) – MBA in Entrepreneurship Development
  • IIM Bangalore (NSRCEL) – specialization in Entrepreneurs & Family Businesses
  • IIM Bangalore (NSRCEL) – specialization in Women Entrepreneurs
  • IIM Indore – specialization in Family owned Businesses & Entrepreneurship
  • IIPM (Delhi) – B.B.A/M.B.A in Planning and Entrepreneurship
  • Indraprastha College of Management & Technology (Jodhpur) – specialization in Entrepreneurship & Business Management
  • Infinity Business School (Gurgoan) – specialization in Entrepreneurship
  • Institute of Marketing and Management (Delhi) – specialization in Entrepreneurship
  • International College of Fashion (Delhi) – M.B.A in Entrepreneurship (Fashion)
  • ISB (Goldman Sachs – Hyderabad) – Certificate course in Women Entrepreneurs
  • ISB(Wadhwani Foundation – Hyderabad) – specialization in Global Growth Entrepreneurship
  • JGI Group (Bangalore) – specialization in Entrepreneurship, Entre & Mgt,
  • KIIT School of Management (Bhubaneshwar) – M.B.A in Entrepreneurship
  • Kohinoor Business School (Pune) – M.B.A in Entrepreneurship
  • L.N. Welingkar (Mumbai) – specialization in Family Managed Business
  • Lal Bahadur Sastri Institute of Management – specialization in Entrepreneurship
  • Master School of Management (Meerut) – specialization in Entrepreneurship
  • Mudra Institute of Communication (Ahmedabad) – specialization in Communications, Management & Entrepreneurship
  • Nirma Institute of Management (Ahmedabad) – M.B.A in Family Business and Entrepreneurship
  • NMIMS (Mumbai) – M.B.A in Social Entrepreneurship
  • Rai Business School (Delhi) – specialization in Planning and Entrepreneurship
  • SPJIMR (Mumbai) – specialization in Family Managed Business
  • Tata Institute of Social Sciences (Mumbai) – M.A in Social Entrepreneurship
  • Xavier Institute of Management & Entrepreneurship (Bangalore) – specialization in Entrepreneurship Development
  • XLRI (Jamshedpur) – Certificate in Entrepreneurship Management

We have put together an exhaustive list of the different courses/programs offered by a good mix of well-established institutions.

The image of an entrepreneur is at an all-time high, so why would you continue to work in a job that you hate, or provides no satisfaction? Step into a new entrepreneur era where the definition of “work” is something you love. It’s not too late to start.

Teaching is a mother of all other professions

Teaching is the greatest act of optimism. The ones who wish to pursue teaching as a career must have a look at this article by Aditi.

Out of all the professions in this world, teaching is one profession that can change anybody’s life. You are a good dancer that’s because someone taught you and inspired you to be a dancer, same goes in the academic field. If you think you can work alone and achieve success in your life without needing help of anybody then you are wrong. When you are stuck in middle of something you look up to that one person who can guide your way.

Talking of teaching as profession, a teacher is a person with specialized skills and application of knowledge which helps an individual or a society to meet their needs. Teacher helps an individual to enhance his or her skills and helps the student to use these skills for the better use for oneself and as well as others.

Teaching includes attributes designed to provide unique service to meet the educational needs of society and as well as of an individual. There are different kind of ways if which something can be taught to someone. There is the traditional way which is practised in most of the places, performed once by the teacher so that other students can learn how it is done. Whether it is maths equation or any dance form or learning any sport. There is another way of doing it too, teacher just guides the students how something is be done and students have to figure it out all by themselves, well this is not a bad way either. Many teachers do not prefer spoon feeding.

Teaching is as critical, many might suggest even more so, as any profession including medical, law or accountancy to list a few. Dedication to purpose, knowledge expertise and advocacy are core strengths of those in the teaching profession. While, unfortunately, it is not perceived in this great country to be on an equal footing as those professions named above teachers are instrumental in preparing others for those professions.

If you are interested in this profession, you’ll have to pursue teaching courses, clear teacher’s eligibility/aptitude test to become a teacher. Some of the courses can be pursued right after 12th. Some other courses can be pursued after graduation.

“Teaching is a mother of all other professions”. Many people believe in this quote and somewhere down in the history it is proved to be true. This profession provides pillar to the society and without a teacher no one can reach to the heights. Even a person who wants to be a teacher requires a teacher. Let us see the academic path of becoming a teacher.

  1. Bachelor in Education (B.Ed)

If you wish to become a high school teacher, you’ll need to have a B.Ed degree. B.Ed is mostly now a two year course, (whereas it was previously a one year course) and it cannot be pursued along with the basic graduation program unless you go for an integrated B.Ed program. Once you get this degree, you become eligible to work as a secondary school teacher in any private or government schools. (The minimum eligibility for admission in a reputed B.Ed course is a graduation degree in Arts, Science or Commerce with at least 50% aggregate.)

  1. Junior Basic Training (JBT) 

JBT course can be pursued by students who have passed 10+2 (any stream) from a recognized board. The course has been designed to improve the elementary level teacher workforce in India. JBT course caters to the needs of elementary level education segment. After completing 2 years long academic program, JBT professionals become eligible to work at elementary level schools, nurseries and similar educational institutes imparting elementary education. This teacher training course suits those who want to teach at lower (elementary) level schools.

  1. BA + B.ED. Integrated Course or B.SC. + B.ED. Integrated Course 

Earlier, students had to go through B.Ed. program separately, after completing B.Sc. or BA course. It is a Degree that makes one eligible to take up teaching as a profession. The Government has decided to introduce integrated programs. This has been done due to the acute shortage of teachers that we have been facing for some time. The course is a combination of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Education Degrees (Dual Degree). The course duration is 4 years. 10+2 passed in any stream, with English subject. 50% minimum aggregate marks is also required (minimum marks required may vary from one institute to another). D.Ed. qualification holders may get admission directly in the second academic year of this program.

After completing the above mentioned program, one may go for further studies or appear for the CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test). Cracking the CTET will help one become a teacher in Schools under the Central Government (example- Kendriya Vidyalayas). One may even appear for State wise TET and work as a teacher in State Government run schools.

  1. Bachelor of Elementary Education (B.EL.ED.)

B.El.Ed.is an elementary teachers training program. This course has been designed to train students and make then capable to taking up the role of primary school teacher. This program is a combination of theory and practicum courses. Course duration is 4 years. Theory part consists of 3 years. 1 year is dedicated towards practicum course. 10+2 passed in any stream, with minimum 50% aggregate marks in specified subjects (subjects may vary from one institute to another). Minimum aggregate marks criteria may vary from one institute to another. After completing the above mentioned program, one may go for further studies or appear for the CTET.

  1. Diploma in Elementary Education (D.EL.ED.)

D.El.Ed. is an elementary teachers training Diploma certificate program. It is a good alternative to B.El.Ed. course. The course trains students and makes them capable of taking up the role of elementary school teacher.Course is 2 years long. 10+2 passed in any stream, with minimum 50% aggregate marks. Minimum marks criteria may vary from one institute to another. After completing the above mentioned program, one may go for further studies or appear for the CTET (Central Teacher Eligibility Test).

Some very similar Diploma certificate teacher’s training programs are-

  • BTC (Basic Training Certificate)
  • PTC (Primary Teachers Certificate)
  • ETE (Elementary Teacher Education)
  • NTT (Nursery Teacher Training)
  • DED (Diploma in Education)
  • TTC (Teachers Training Certificate)

All the above mentioned courses are either certificate or Diploma programs. Course duration is 2 years and eligibility criteria are same as that of D.El.Ed.

  1. Bachelor of Physical Education (B.P.ED. /BPE)

B.P.Ed. is an undergraduate Degree program that focuses on Physical Education. Course duration is 3 years. 10+2 passed in any stream, with minimum 50% aggregate marks. Minimum marks criteria may vary from one institute to another. After completing the course, one may start working as a Physical education teacher or instructor.

  1. Diploma in Physical Education (DPE)

DPE is an undergraduate Diploma certificate program that focuses on Physical Education. Course duration is 2 years. 10+2 passed in any stream, with minimum 50% aggregate marks. After completing the course, one may go for further studies or start working as a Physical education teacher or instructor.

  1. Advanced courses

After completing Master’s education, one may appear for tests like NET/SET/SLET and become Assistant Professor. Some advanced education courses you must be aware of are-

  • M.Ed.
  • M.Phil. in Education
  • M.Sc. Education
  • MA Education
  1. Special Education Courses

Special education program trains one to educate and guide students suffering from visual impairment, hearing impairment or mental retardation. The special education programs focuses on the above mentioned 3 impairments (a student may choose any one among the three). Some of the well-known programs are-

  • B.Ed. Special education
  • D.Ed. Special education
  • BA B.Ed. Special education
  • Diploma in early childhood special education
  • M.Ed. Special education

Nurseries, Schools, Special Schools and Colleges are common places where one may find a job. One may also start own coaching center or work for one. Educational consultancies are also known to hire teachers. It involves intellectual set of mind that can help young minds to build confidence in them and help this society in better way.